What Was the Emancipation Proclamation and What Did It Do?
- The Emancipation Proclamation was an executive order drafted by Abraham Lincoln that went into effect on January 1, 1863
- It freed only those slaves that were held in Southern states (those that were deemed in rebellion to the United States) - NOT in the Northern states, which are referred to as the “border states”.
- The border states were the slave-holding Union states of Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri, and West Virginia
- It allowed those slaves freed from the South to enlist in the Union Army
- It was enacted “as a fit and necessary war measure for suppressing said rebellion”